In this article you’ll see the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence is designing programs or machines that have ability to think, so machines can take decisions without interference of human.
Giving thinking capacity to machines can arise several problems and advantages too. So let’s see them.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence
Less Errors: As decisions are taken on previously gathered information and certain algorithms, without the interference of humans, so errors are reduced and the chance of reaching accuracy with a greater degree of precision is a possibility.
Faster Decisions: Using Artificial intelligence, decisions can be taken very fast. For example, we all have played Chess game in Windows. It is nearly impossible to beat CPU in hard mode because of the A.I. behind that game. Because it took the best possible step in very short time according the algorithms used behind it.
Daily Applications: In today’s era, A.I. is used in many applications just like Apple’s Siri, Window’s Cortana, Google’s OK Google. Using these type of applications we can communicate with our device using our voice. Which makes our work easy. For example, in recent android phones if we want to search for a location then all we have to do is say “OK Google where is Agra”. It will show you Agra’s location on google map and best path between you and Agra.
No Emotions: The complete absence of emotions makes machines to think logically and take right decision where in humans emotions are associated with moods that can affect human efficiency. Complete absence of emotions make machines to take right decisions.
Digital Assistants: Some of highly advanced organizations uses digital assistants to interact with users which saves need of human resource. Digital assistant also used in many websites to provide things that user want. We can chat with them about what we are looking for. Some chat bots are designed in such a way that its become hard to determine that we’re chatting with a chat bot or a human being. For Example, Mitsuku.
No Breaks: Unlike humans, machines can work 24*7 without any break. Humans need a break after work to regain their speed and freshness whereas machines can work for long hours without getting bored or distracted.
Medical Applications: Increasing the integration of A.I. tools in every day medical applications could improve the efficiency of treatments and avoid cost by minimizing the risk of false diagnosis. AI has begun transforming the field of surgical robotics wherein it has enabled the advent of robots that perform semi-automated surgical tasks with increasing efficiency. A.I is not going to replace Doctors, it will help them by providing the relevant data need to take care of patient (such as history of aortic aneurism, high blood pressure, coronary blockages, history of smoking, prior pulmonary embolism, cancer, implantable devices or deep vein thrombosis). Otherwise this information would take long time to collect.
Taking risks on behalf of humans: In various situations, Robots can be used instead of Humans to avoid the risks. Such as Robots can be programmed to explore Space because metal body can suffer in different situations but the human body can not. In Military forces Robots can be programmed to defuse a bomb, so the error will be reduced and can save human lives. Complex machines can be used for exploring the ocean floor and hence overcoming the human limitations.
Public Utilities: Self-Driving cars, which would greatly reduce the number of car crashes. Facial recognition can be used for security. Natural language processing to communicate with humans in their language.
There were some pros or benefits of artificial intelligence. Lets talk about some of its cons.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
High Costs: The hardware and software need to get updated with time to meet the latest requirements. Machines need repairing and maintenance which need plenty of cost.
Unemployment: The increasing number of machines leading to unemployment and job security issues. As machines are replacing human resources, the rate of people losing their jobs will increase. Because machines can work 24*7 with no break, which is more beneficial of industries instead of working with people who needs break and refreshment. Machines do their work as they programmed to do without any error while error can be occurred from humans.
Can’t think out of box: Robots can only do the work that they are programmed to do. They cannot act any different outside of whatever algorithm or programming is stored in their internal circuits. And when it comes to a creative mind, nothing can beat a human mind. A computer can’t think differently while making or drawing something. The thoughts comes from the emotions and experience which machine’s cannot. So machine can’t think out of box whereas thousands of new thoughts and ideas comes into a human mind.
Can’t feel Compassion and Sympathy: There is no doubt that machines are much better when it comes to working efficiently but they cannot replace the human connection that makes the team. Machines cannot develop a bond with humans.
Highly dependent on machines: In todays generation, most of the people are highly dependent on Applications like Siri. With so much assistance from machine, if humans do not need their thinking abilities, these abilities will be gradually decrease. In future with the heavy use of application of artificial intelligence, human may become fully dependent on machines, losing their mental capacities.
These are some advantages and disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence. Some people also say that Artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it goes into wrong hands. But still none of the A.I. application made at that scale that can destroy or enslave human (as shown in some movies like Megatron in Transformers and ultron in Marvel). So we should not consider this as disadvantage of Artificial intelligence.
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