In this article, we will take a look at the two components of computer networking – Workgroup and Domain.
A domain is a collection of computers where one computer acts as a server and all others are connected to it on the same or different network. Domain networks ensure the security of data and allow encrypted sharing of information between devices.
A workgroup is a collection of computer networks where each computer is independent of other computers in its group in reference to their working and functionality. We need a unique login credential to access each computer in a workgroup. They are not much secure and are connected locally on a single network.
Domain networks are used by organizations and companies at the workplace while workgroups are used by individuals for personal use, like at homes. A domain acts as a client-server interface where the user can log in from any device under the domain, using his login credentials. While, in a workgroup domain, only a single user has access to the device. No other login credentials would work on that particular system.
Workgroup vs Domain
|The configuration and installation of the workgroup are easy.||The configuration and installation of the domain are difficult.|
|It is hard to maintain a workgroup.||It is easy to maintain a domain.|
|Remote login is not possible in a workgroup.||It is a remote-login-based system.|
|A workgroup is based on a peer-to-peer network.||A domain is based on a client-server network.|
|Each computer in a workgroup is maintained independently by a single user.||All computers in a domain are governed and controlled by a centralized server.|
|Each device in a workgroup has its own local database.||All devices in a domain have a single centralized database.|
|It has a unique login credential for each device.||All the devices in a domain can be accessed by a single login credential.|
|The workgroup names of the devices are autonomous in nature.||The names of devices under the domain are provided on basis of IP address.|
|A workgroup is formed by devices of a single local network.||A domain can be formed by devices of one or more different networks.|
|A workgroup is less secure as compared to the domain.||A domain is more secure as compared to the workgroup.|
|Data recovery is not possible in a workgroup as data is maintained locally on each device.||Data recovery is possible in a domain as it has a centralized system of maintenance.|
|It is used to share personal data between devices.||It is mainly used to share sensitive and confidential data between devices.|
|Only a small number of devices can be used to form a workgroup.||A domain is formed by connected a large number of devices.|
|It is used by small local area networks like at homes, in schools, large buildings, etc.||It is used globally by large multinational companies and organizations to manage information.|
This is all about the domain and workgroup servers in our computer networks.