Round Robin Scheduling Program in C

In this tutorial you will learn about round robin scheduling program in C.

Process scheduling is an important component for process management. In a multi-user and a time-sharing system, response time is one of the most important objective to be accomplished.

There are many scheduling algorithms in C for process management such as:

1. First Come First Serve
2. Shortest Job First
3. Priority Scheduling
4. Round Robin Scheduling

However, this tutorial will get you clear with understanding of Round Robin Scheduling program in C.

 

Round Robin Scheduling Algorithm

1. The queue structure in ready queue is of First In First Out (FIFO) type.

2. A fixed time is allotted to every process that arrives in the queue. This fixed time is known as time slice or time quantum.

3. The first process that arrives is selected and sent to the processor for execution. If it is not able to complete its execution within the time quantum provided, then an interrupt is generated using an automated timer.

4. The process is then stopped and is sent back at the end of the queue. However, the state is saved and context is thereby stored in memory. This helps the process to resume from the point where it was interrupted.

5. The scheduler selects another process from the ready queue and dispatches it to the processor for its execution. It is executed until the time Quantum does not exceed.

6. The same steps are repeated until all the process are finished.

The round robin algorithm is simple and the overhead in decision making is very low. It is the best scheduling algorithm for achieving better and evenly distributed response time.

 

Example

Lets take one example to understand it.

Time Quantum = 2

 

Process Burst Time Execution Time
P1 0 9
P2 1 5
P3 2 3
P4 3 4

 

Process Arrival Time Burst Time (x) Turnaround Time(t) Normalized Turnaround Time(t/x) Waiting Time
P1 0 9 21 2.34 12
P2 1 5 17 3.4 12
P3 2 3 11 3.67 8
P4 3 4 12 3 8

Average Turnaround Time = 15.25
Average Normalized Turnaround Time = 3.10
Average Waiting Time = 10

 

Round Robin Scheduling Program in C

 

Output

Round Robin Scheduling Program in C

 

If you found anything incorrect or have any doubts regarding above round robin scheduling program in C then comment below.

23 thoughts on “Round Robin Scheduling Program in C

  1. Rajesh Kumar

    Input Arrival time and BT shown blow. after compile with these value the output is incorrect.
    Please check and update this code.
    [P.No->1,2,3,4,5,6], [AT->0,1,2,3,4,6],[BT->4,5,2,1,6,3],[TAT->8,17,4,6,17,13],[WT->4,12,2,5,11,10]

    Reply
  2. Sumit

    ur code is not suitable for all the problem…………….update ur code…………..

    [P.No->1,2,3,4,5,6], [AT->0,1,2,3,4,6],[BT->4,5,2,1,6,3],[TAT->8,17,4,6,17,13],[WT->4,12,2,5,11,10]

    Reply
      1. Parth

        She is right. It doesn’t work for all cases. Try implementing with different test cases.

        Reply
  3. Bilal Samed Şahin

    Do you have hrrn and mlfq scheduling program in C ?Thanks in advance

    Reply
  4. vikramjeetsingh

    Enter Total Process: 6
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 1 :0
    4
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 2 :1
    5
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 3 :2
    2
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 4 :3
    1
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 5 :4
    6
    Enter Arrival Time and Burst Time for Process Process Number 6 :6
    3
    Enter Time Quantum: 2

    it is giving wrong answer for this

    Reply
  5. osama saad

    thats the reason i love india u r the best in the earth and u will rech your goal

    Reply

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